Workforce Assessment in Djibouti

Middle East and North Africa
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On behalf of USAID, IDG undertook an assessment of Djibouti’s evolving labor market, the skill sets it demands from workers, and the extent to which the basic and vocational education systems and labor regime provide workers well prepared for this new economy.   

The purpose of the assessment was to better understand the job market in Djibouti for skilled workers and to identify strategic USAID interventions to improve Djibouti’s workforce development initiatives and enhance employment opportunities for skilled workers in non-formal and formal sector employment.  The assessment focused on the identification of (a) workforce-related literacy, numeracy, and readiness skills as well as technical and behavioral skills; and (b) economic sectors and occupations with the greatest potential for skilled level employment growth, with the goal of contributing to USAID Mission’s education and workforce efforts in Djibouti. The assessment contained the following seven elements:

  1. Evaluation of the Basic Education System: Evaluation of primary and secondary schools to determine the drivers of poor academic achievement.
  2. Assessment of Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET): Capacity assessment with a focus on the effectiveness of literacy, numeracy and workforce readiness skills training in public and private TVET institutions to determine their ability to provide the requisite training to meet employer needs.
  3. Evaluation of Gender Access to and Success in Education Services: Evaluation to determine gender access and success in participating in education services to identify any inequalities and disparities.
  4. Labor Market Supply and Demand, and the Unmet Demand for Skills: Survey of the private sector and identification of sectors with the potential to increase employment opportunities for male and female job seekers, and identification of skill sets required for unskilled, semi-skilled and skilled employment.
  5. Evaluation of the GoDj’s Skilled Labor Expansion Plans: Review of the GoDj’s skilled labor force expansion plans including Vision 2035, the MOL’s National Employment Policy and MENFOP’s Action Plan for 2011-2016 and development of recommendations to achieve goals.
  6. Analysis of the Labor Regime: Identification of any legal and regulatory impediments to hiring, terminating, and retraining workers, and recommendations to address these issues.
  7. A Djibouti Jobs Center as a Mechanism for Providing Assistance: The Assessment Team proposes the creation of a Djibouti Jobs Center as a tangible implementation mechanism to develop Djibouti’s workforce.

IDG’s assessment was designed and carried out to help USAID and other donors in Djibouti inform future policies towards education reform. IDG also provided recommendations on how to address the skills gap in the workforce and how to help the Government of Djibouti train youth in vocational skills to reduce the unemployment rate in the country.